ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

By Carlo Caloisi – Sep 20, 2022

Artificial Intelligence (AI), a field of research considered to have originated at the 1956 Darthmouth conference, studies the artificial intelligenceprogramming and design of systems with the aim of endowing machines with human characteristics ranging from learning to visual and/or spatio-temporal perception.

The aim is to develop devices – from humanoids to robots, from voice assistants to complex video games – that acquire, with the experience derived from the acquisition of information from outside, autonomous learning and adaptation capacities in order to partially replicate (weak artificial intelligence), up to completely emulate (strong artificial intelligence), human behavioural models.

There are many fields of application, with a different spread depending on the sector examined, ranging from the industrial context to the domestic one. The following is a brief review:

  • Internet of Things (IoT),g. by automatically adjusting the temperature or lighting in our homes (smart home), etc;
  • health care: collecting data on an individual’s sleep as well as calories burned, heart rate, etc;
  • automobiles, with autonomous driving (e.g. Tesla);
  • banking and finance: robo-traders for online trading, biometric anti-fraud detection mechanisms, etc;artificial intelligence - application fields
  • surveillance: facial recognition cameras, in use in 75 countries according to the Carnegie Endowment for international peace;
  • social media, through the personalisation of content (Meta, Instagram, Twitter, etc.);
  • entertainment, through data collection derived from users’ video choices (e.g. Netflix, Disney+, Amazon Prime);
  • education, with software dedicated to content refinement to improve the educational and psychological and mental aspect of students;
  • unmanned space exploration (e.g. NASA’s Mars Rover);
  • video games, with the improvement of Non-Player Characters (NPCs) and games that are more aligned to the preferences of players;
  • robotics, where the robot not only performs the specific task, but also monitors, analyses and improves it without human intervention (e.g. Boston Dynamics);
  • agriculture, from agricultural robots to crop and soil monitoring, etc;
  • e-commerce, among many applications demand forecasting, intelligent marketing, customisation of user needs, use of chatbots, etc…

 

SOURCES AND IN-DEPTH ANALYSIS

  1. What is it and hoe is used: https://www.investopedia.com/terms/a/artificial-intelligence-ai.asp ;
  2. Darthmouth Conference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dartmouth_Conference ;
  3. Application fields: https://techvidvan.com/tutorials/artificial-intelligence-applications/ ;
  4. Internet of Things (IoT): https://www.ileaderprojecterasmus.eu/2022/09/16/internet-of-things-iot/;
  5. What are we talking about?: https://www.projectsforeurope.eu/2022/09/19/internet-of-things-iot-what-are-we-talking-about/

 

VIDEO

  1. An explanation In 5 Minutes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ad79nYk2keg&ab_channel=Simplilearn ;
  2. Boston Dynamics’ robot: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uhND7Mvp3f4&ab_channel=AwesomeTech ;
  3. World’s most advanced stunt robots: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N_QAL2ZCpFM&ab_channel=Xplained ;
  4. New interview with female humanoid robot: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-mk_gjrd9pg&ab_channel=ArtificialIntelligenceNewsDaily ;
  5. The 8 Biggest Artificial Intelligence (AI) Trends In 2022: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=019HlWMQKCE&ab_channel=BernardMarr ;
  6. Not only robots: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-D2kPFkwTmg&ab_channel=Geopop ;
  7. Artificial intelligence and robotics today and tomorrow: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=COAQzfq4qRE&ab_channel=CentroCulturalediMilano

 

IMAGES (in sequential order)

  1. Gerd Altmann  from   Pixabay;
  2. Gerd Altmann  from Pixabay;
  3. Gerd Altmann  from Pixabay