The 8 European Keystones Competence of lifelong learning

8 Keys competence (Photo by Simon Maage on Unsplash)

The Commission and the European Parliament respond with RECOMMENDATION 2006/692/EC to the theme of lifelong learning, which is also a basic recommendation of the Erasmus PLus programme.

The Recommendation aims to call on EU governments to ensure that the teaching and learning of European Keystones Competence is an integral part of their lifelong learning strategies. The Recommendation identifies eight key competences that are essential for each individual in a knowledge society.

What are?

1. communication in the mother tongue: ability to express and interpret concepts, thoughts, emotions, facts and opinions both orally and in writing.

2. communication in foreign languages: as above, but includes mediation skills (i.e. summarising, paraphrasing, interpreting or translating) and intercultural understanding skills.

3. Mathematical competence and basic competences in science and technology: sound and reliable command of arithmetic-mathematical competences, understanding of the natural world and the ability to apply knowledge and technology to perceived human needs (such as medicine, transport or communications).

4. Digital competence: safe and critical use of information and communication technology at work, in leisure and for communication.

5. learning to learn: ability to effectively manage one’s own learning, both individually and in groups

6. Social and civic competences: ability to participate effectively and constructively in social and working life and to engage in active and democratic participation, especially in increasingly diverse societies.

7. initiative and entrepreneurship: the ability to turn ideas into action through creativity, innovation and risk-taking, as well as the ability to plan and manage projects.

8. Cultural awareness and expression: the ability to appreciate the creative importance of ideas, experiences and emotions expressed through a variety of media such as music, literature and the visual and performing arts.

The European Commission contributes to national efforts to develop education and training systems and uses the eight key competences to encourage peer learning and the exchange of good practice. It promotes wider use of the eight competences in related Community policies and reports progress every two years.

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